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Dr. M.M. (Matthijs) Lok

Modern European History
Faculty of Humanities
Europese studies
Photographer: Ronald Zijlstra

Visiting address
  • Kloveniersburgwal 48
  • Room number: D2.10A
Postal address
  • Postbus 1619
    1000 BP Amsterdam
Social media
  • Profile

    I am a senior lecturer in modern European history at the Department of European Studies of the University of Amsterdam. My specialisation is the political, cultural and intellectual history of modern Europe in a global context since the eighteenth century, in particular topics on the intersection of history, politics, law,  philosophy and memory. My main interest concerns the role of ideas in political change and 'counter-narratives' of political modernity and globlisation. I have published extensively on regime changes, state and nation formation, conservatism, cosmopolitanism, eurocentrism, (Counter) Enlightenment, ideas of Europe, and monarchy from a transnational and comparative perspective. In 2023 my latest book Europe against Revolution came out with Oxford University Press.


    I studied European history at the Universities of Liverpool, Leiden and Yale, followed by a brief career as policy advisor. In 2009 I took my PhD at the History Department of the University of Amsterdam. The dissertation was based on extensive (archival) research in France and the Netherlands. In 2011 I received tenure as an universitair docent (senior lecturer). In the past decade, I conducted research in Italy, Austria, Germany, Belgium and the United Kingdom. I was appointed a senior fellow of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study NIAS (Yeargroup 2019-20) and held visiting positions at the Lichtenberg Kolleg & Moritz Stern Institut Göttingen, Germany (2021-22) and KU Leuven, Belgium (Fall 2022). I live in the city of Groningen in the North of the Netherlands.


    Currently, I have the following main research interests:

    1) The 'backlash' against liberal modernity from a longer historical and intellectual perspective, including topics such as Counter-Enlightenment, Counter-Revolution, Anti- and Illiberalism, and Conservatism. I consider this backlash, despite its self-professed criticism of internationalism and cosmopolitanism, primarily as the result of the transnational transfer of ideas, institutions and people, and thus essentially as a global and European phenomenon.

    2) Radicalism, moderation and modern democracy: I intend to write a new research monograph on the ambivalent relationship between the pursuit of political moderation, (de)polarisation, and the making of modern European democracy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Topics adressed in the book are the memories, emotions, rituals, geographies of moderation as well as the role of science and state bureaucracies.

    (3) Historical narratives of European diversity and pluralism from a global comparative perspective. I study diversity as a constructed concept and an ideology rather than as a practice. Other research interests include the uses of the Enlightenment past in contemporary political debates and the rethinking of the role of the state after Covid.


    I enjoy teaching BA and MA courses (in English and Dutch) on subjects such as Political Memories, Legacies of the Enlightenment (nominated for the 2019 Faculty Education Award), Modern Intellectual History, European Conservatism & Anti-Liberalism, Liberalism, Cosmopolitanism, Ordering of Europe and 'Turning points in Modern European History' (Folia magazine wrote about this course: "Lok weet zijn toehoorders door zijn enthousiasme te boeien"). I also supervise BA, MA and PhD theses in the field of political and intellectual history. Last but not least, I was a finalist in the 2018 Faculty of Humanities Lecturer of the Year award.


    I am a founding director of the Dutch seminar for Global Intellectual History ( and a themeleader of the Amsterdam Centre for European Studies (ACES). I currently participate in an university wide research initiative on the 'normative foundations of modern democracy'. Moreover, I have been a member of the board of the De Moderne Tijd (, and of the board of the ARTES Research School (theme leader 'European Identities and ideas': I regularly organise and moderate public and academic debates and conferences and occasionally provide comments from a historical perspective on European contemporary affairs.


    Monographs (English)


    Counter-revolutionary Europe

    Matthijs Lok, Europe against Revolution. Conservatism, Enlightenment and the Making of the Past (Oxford University Press 2023) (370p.)

    Contents:  In the decades around 1800, the era of the French Revolution, counter-revolutionary authors from all over Europe defended European civilisation against the onslaught of nationalist revolutionaries, bent on the destruction of the existing order, or so they believed. These counter-revolutionary publicists proclaimed the concept of a gradually developing European society and political order, founded on a set of historical and - ultimately divine - institutions that had guaranteed Europe's unique freedom, moderation, diversity, and progress since the fall of the Roman Empire. Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, these ideas of European history and civilisation were rediscovered and adapted to new political contexts, shaping in manifold ways our contested idea of European history and memory until today.


    Monographs (Dutch)

    Regime change and administrative Elites:

    Matthijs Lok, Windvanen. Napoleontische bestuurders in de Nederlandse en de Franse Restauratie, 1813-1820 (Amsterdam: Prometheus | Bert Bakker, 2009), 420 p. 

    Contents: My first book Windvanen ('[Political] Weathervanes') is a comparative study of the political transition of 1813-1815 (from the Napoleonic Empire to the Restoration monarchy) in France and the Low Countries from the understudied perspective of the Napoleonic administrative elites that survived the regime change. It argues that the so-called Restoration monarchies were to a large extent constructed by Napoleonic officials who adapted very well to the new political situation. As well as (quantitatively) studying the institutional and personal continuity after 1814, the contemporary critical discourses and attitudes towards these political survivors (nicknamed 'girouette' in French or 'windvaan' in Dutch) are analysed. According to NRC Handelsblad, Windvanen was one of the best historical books published in 2009.

    "Matthijs Lok laat in zijn boek Windvanen uit 2009 zien hoe - op het eerste oog - betrekkelijk kleurloze figuren als Van Maanen hebben bijgedragen aan het consolideren en verstevigen van de uitvoerende macht door die te ontwikkelen tot een sterk en centraal bestuurlijk gezag."  Wim Voermans (Leiden), Machiavelli in de Polder (2021)

    Edited volumes


    Atlantic Monarchies 

    Carolina Armenteros, Matthijs Lok and Iason Zarikos (editors), The Making of Atlantic Monarchies: conservatism and modernity (19th and 20th centuries), 2 vol. (London: Bloomsbury, 2024/2025)


    Cosmopolitan Conservatisms

    Edited volume: Matthijs Lok, Friedemann Pestel & Juliette Reboul (eds.), Cosmopolitan Conservatisms. Countering Revolution in transnational networks, ideas and Movements (c. 1700-1930) (Brill Studies in the History of Political Thought, 2021) (450 p.)

    “What a pleasure it has been to read the essays in this volume, a large number of which break new ground. There are numerous thematic surprises and new takes on old material. (... ) This will be an essential resource for anyone interested in the fortunes of conservatism in the modern world.“  Darrin M. McMahon, Dartmouth College (USA)

    Politics of Moderation

    Edited volume: Ido de Haan & Matthijs Lok (eds.), The Politics of Moderation in Modern European History (Palgrave Studies in Political History: 2019) (ca. 250p.)

    “This wide-ranging, intellectually-bracing volume reconstructs a neglected site of thought and action, which it identifies as a tradition of political moderation ever since the start of the age of democratic revolutions.  In so doing, it offers a bounty of sustained historical and analytical imagination, reshaping inquiry and understanding.”  Ira Katznelson, Columbia University (USA)


    Eurocentrism in History & Memory

    Edited volume: M. Brolsma, R. de Bruin & Matthijs Lok (editors), Eurocentrism in European History and Memory (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2019).

    'This is a very insightful collection of well-written essays, covering a wide range of issues and appealing to a wide public. It is both comprehensive in its outlook, as well as rich in detail. Its refreshing and multifaceted approach provides a welcome contribution to the research on Eurocentrism.'  Journal of European Integration History

    On my own chapter: 'Lok makes clear that this appraisal of the idea of Europe as ‘unity in diversity’ was maintained in the writings of influential 19th century historians like Leopold von Ranke. And today the exact same notion is deeply embedded in the political narrative of the European Union to legitimize its policies. Lok convincingly argues that the pluralist idea of Europe thus also brings in prescriptive and normative criteria and not necessarily results in tolerance towards the world beyond pluralist Europe.'  Journal of European Integration History

    Special issues & other works


    Global Counter-Enlightenment 

    Themed issue (Special collection) of the International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity, vol. 6 issue 1 (2019), co-edited with Joris van Eijnatten (Utrecht University), on the global history of Enlightenment criticism (ca. 1750-1960) in Latin America, Russia, Spain, Egypt and Continental Europe.

    Nationalism & state formation

    Book: Nationalisme, naties en staten (Vantilt 2012/2015): Matthijs Lok, deel IV: 'IJzer en bloed. Staatsvorming en nationalisme, 1848-1914' (p. 282-411). ["Iron and Blood": Stateformation and Nationalism, 1848-1914 (p. 282-411]

    "In een tijd waarin de Europese Unie een bestaanscrisis doormaakt en adepten en bestrijders van de natiestaat elkaar bedelven met argumenten, is dit een welkom overzichtswerk, zowel toegankelijk als noodzakelijke gedetailleerd." De Volkskrant

    "Voor de afzienbare tijd is het Nederlandse publiek op benijdenswaardige wijze bediend door deze voortreffelijke synthese." Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis


    The Enlightenment and the Past

    Member of the editorial board (kernredactie) (2007-2015) of the Belgian-Dutch scholarly Journal/ Wetenschappelijk tijdschrift 'De Achttiende eeuw' ("The Eighteenth century") (in 2017 continued as The Early Modern Low Countries & Jaarboek De Achttiende Eeuw). Special editor (with Alicia C. Montoya) for issue 2012.2 ('Centre and Periphery in the Enlightenment') and 2014.2 ('The Enlightenment and the Past'): (

    Journal articles (selection)


    Book chapters (selection)


    Contemporary politics & Europe (selection)


  • Publications


    • Lok, M. M., Armenteros, C., & Zarikos, I. (2024). The Making of Atlantic Monarchy: Conservatism and Modernity (18th - 19th Centuries). Bloomsbury Academic.



    • Lok, M. (2022). The European Republic from the Enlightenment to the Counter-Revolution. In J. Oddens, M. Rutjes, & A. weststeijn (Eds.), Discourses of Decline: Essays on Republicanism in Honor of Wyger R.E. Velema (pp. 200-215). (Studies in the History of Political Thought ; Vol. 17). Brill. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2022). ‘A Just and True Liberty’: The Idea of (Neo-Roman) Freedom in Francophone Counter-Revolutionary Thought (c. 1780–1800). In H. Dawson, & A. de Dijn (Eds.), Rethinking Liberty before Liberalism (pp. 178-193). Cambridge University Press. Advance online publication. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2021). François-Xavier de Feller (1735-1802) et l’élaboration des Contre-Lumières européennes. In S-A. Leterrier, & O. Tort (Eds.), Rhétorique et politisation : De la fin des Lumières au printemps des peuples (pp. 119-128). (Histoire). Artois Presses Université., [details]
    • Lok, M., Pestel, F., & Reboul , J. (Eds.) (2021). Cosmopolitan Conservatisms: Countering Revolution in Transnational Networks, Ideas and Movements (c. 1700‒1930). (Studies in the History of Political Thought ; Vol. 16). Brill. [details]
    • Lok, M., Reboul , J., & Pestel, F. (2021). Cosmopolitan Conservatisms: Introduction. In M. Lok, F. Pestel, & J. Reboul (Eds.), Cosmopolitan Conservatisms : Countering Revolution in Transnational Networks, Ideas and Movements (c. 1700‒1930) (pp. 1-37). (Studies in the History of Political Thought; Vol. 16). Brill. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2020). The ambivalent memory of the Dutch Revolt and the construction of the Dutch Restoration regime. In M. Broers, A. A. Caiani, & S. Bann (Eds.), A History of the European Restorations. - II: Culture, Society and Religion (pp. 28-37). Bloomsbury Academic. [details]


    • Brolsma, M., de Bruin, R., & Lok, M. (2019). Introduction. In M. Brolsma, R. de Bruin, & M. Lok (Eds.), Eurocentrism in European History and Memory (pp. 11-21). Amsterdam University Press. [details]
    • Brolsma, M., de Bruin, R., & Lok, M. (Eds.) (2019). Eurocentrism in European History and Memory. Amsterdam University Press. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2019). 'The extremes set the tone': Counter-Revolutionary Moderation in Continental Conservatism (ca. 1795-1835). In I. de Haan, & M. Lok (Eds.), The Politics of Moderation in Modern European History (pp. 67-88). (Palgrave Studies in Political History ). Palgrave Macmillan. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2019). The Congress of Vienna as a Missed Opportunity: Conservative visions of a new European order after Napoleon. In B. de Graaf, I. de Haan, & B. Vick (Eds.), Securing Europe after Napoleon: 1815 and the new European security culture (pp. 56-71). Cambridge University Press. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2019). The Fragmented Continent: The Invention of European Pluralism in History Writing from the Eighteenth to the Twenty-first Century. In M. Brolsma, R. de Bruin, & M. Lok (Eds.), Eurocentrism in European History and Memory (pp. 43-63). Amsterdam University Press. [details]
    • Lok, M. M. (Guest ed.), & van Eijnatten, J. (Guest ed.) (2019). Theme: The Global Counter-Enlightenment (1780-1960). International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity, 6(1).
    • Lok, M., & van Eijnatten, J. (2019). Global Counter Enlightenment: Introductory Remarks. International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity, 7 , 406-422. [details]
    • de Haan , I., & Lok, M. (2019). Introduction: The Politics of Moderation. In I. de Haan, & M. Lok (Eds.), The Politics of Moderation in Modern European History (pp. 1-25). (Palgrave Studies in Political History ). Palgrave Macmillan. [details]
    • de Haan , I., & Lok, M. (Eds.) (2019). The Politics of Moderation in Modern European History. (Palgrave Series in Political History ). Palgrave Macmillan. [details]





    • Lok, M. (2013). De eeuw van ongeloof. De constructie van de 'achttiende eeuw' in Groens Ongeloof en Revolutie (1847). De Negentiende Eeuw, 37(1), 17-35. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2012). De cultuur van het vergeten onder Willem I. In R. Vosters, & J. Weijermars (Eds.), Taal, cultuurbeleid en natievorming onder Willem I (pp. 61-86). (Verhandelingen van de Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België voor Wetenschappen en Kunsten. Nieuwe reeks; Vol. 23). Paleis der Academiën. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2012). Inleiding: 'de Bataafse democratie'. De achttiende eeuw, 44(1), 54-55. [details]
    • Lok, M. M., & Montoya, A. (2012). Centre and Periphery in the Enlightenment. De achttiende eeuw, 44(2).
    • Lok, M., & Montoya, A. C. (2012). Centre and periphery in the enlightenment: introduction. De achttiende eeuw, 44(2), 131-135. [details]
    • Lok, M., & Scholz, N. (2012). The return of the loving father: masculinity, legitimacy and the French and Dutch Restoration monarchies (1813-1815). Bijdragen en Mededelingen betreffende de Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 127(1), 19-44. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2009). L’extrême-centre est-il exportable? Une comparaison entre la France et les Pays-Bas, 1814-1820. Annales historiques de la Révolution française, 357, 143-159. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2006). 'De schaduwkoning': de beeldvorming van koning Lodewijk tijdens de Restauratie. De Negentiende Eeuw, 30(3/4), 273-284. [details]



    • Lok, M. (2022). Vuursalamanders tegen de verlichting: Wetenschappelijke kennis en verlichtingskritiek in François de Fellers Journal historique et littéraire . Jaarboek de achttiende eeuw , 54, 166-184. Advance online publication. [details]
    • Lok, M. M. (2022). 1847 De uitvinding van het nationaalconservatisme. In Nog meer Wereldgeschiedenis van Nederland (pp. 370-376). Ambo|Anthos.


    • Lok, M. (2020). De bezetting van Frankrijk na Napoleon: [Bespreking van: B. de Graaf (2018) Tegen de terreur. Hoe Europa veilig werd na Napoleon; C. Haynes (2018) Our friends the enemies! The occupation of France after Napoleon]. De Moderne Tijd. De Lage Landen, 1780-1940, 4(1-2), 124-127. [details]



    • Lok, M. (2017). Het ambivalent conservatisme van de ‘beruchte Burke’: [Bespreking van: R. Bourke (2015) Empire & revolution: The political life of Edmund Burke; M. Fitzpatrick en P. Jones (2017) The reception of Edmund Burke in Europe]. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, 130(4), 663-666. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2017). The United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815-1830): A case of failed European nation building? In F. Demier, & E. Musiani (Eds.), Les nations européennes entre histoire et mémoire, xixe-xxe siècles (pp. 37-44). Presses universitaires de Paris Nanterre. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2017). [Review of: J. Tutino (2017) New Countries: Capitalism, Revolutions, and Nations in the Americas, 1750-1870]. Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe, 104, Article 5. [details]
    • Lok, M. M., & Havens, E. (Accepted/In press). “Pamphlet Wars: A Critical Edition of a Dutch Pamphlet relating to the Earl of Leicester and the Elizabethan Crisis in the Low Countries, 1587” (New Haven: Elizabethan Club of Yale University).


    • Lok, M. (2016). La construction de l’Europe moderne, entre esprit des Lumières et des Contre-Lumières. In A. Arjakovsky (Ed.), Histoire de la conscience européenne (pp. 179-192). Paris : Salvator. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2015). 'Tegen de partijgeest': Bestuurlijke netwerken in het Verenigd Koninkrijk. In R. Aerts, & G. Deneckere (Eds.), Het (on)Verenigd Koninkrijk, 1815-1830-2015: Een politiek experiment in de Lage Landen (pp. 61-69). Rekkem: Ons Erfdeel. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2015). De kleinste schakel: Jan Arnold Kelfkens ooggetuigenverslag van de kozakkeninvasie van 1813. In F. Grijzenhout, & P. Raedts (Eds.), Deze lange eeuw: Metamorfosen van het vaderland 1780-1950: opstellen voor Niek van Sas (pp. 65-80). Amsterdam: Prometheus. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2015). IJzer en bloed: staatsvorming en nationalisme, 1848-1914. In L. H. M. Wessels, & T. Bosch (Eds.), Nationalisme, naties en staten: Europa vanaf circa 1800 tot heden. - 2e druk (pp. 282-410). Nijmegen: Vantilt. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2015). La culture du silence sous la Restauration: Une étude comparative des politiques de l’oubli en France et aux Pays-Bas. In J-C. Caron, & J-P. Luis (Eds.), Rien appris, rien oublié? Les Restaurations dans l'Europe postnapoléonienne, 1814-1830 (pp. 213-222). Rennes: Presses université de Rennes. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2014). 'La guerre a fait les États et l'Etat a fait la guerre': Étude comparée de la formation étatique française et néerlandaise (1600-1800-1945). In T. Beaufils, W. Frijhoff, & N. Pas (Eds.), Les relations franco-néerlandaises (pp. 183-201). (Deshima: revue française des mondes néerlandophones; No. 8). Département d'études néerlandaises Université Marc Bloch. [details]
    • Lok, M. (Guest ed.) (2014). The Enlightenment and the Past. De achttiende eeuw, 46(2).


    • Lok, M. (2013). Herwonnen vrijheid: '1813' als Nederlandse oorsprongsmythe. In C. van Baalen, H. Goslinga, A. van Kessel, J. Ramakers, H. Reiding, & J. Turpijn (Eds.), De Republiek van Oranje, 1813-2013 (pp. 13-22). (Jaarboek parlementaire geschiedenis; Vol. 2013). Amsterdam: Boom. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2013). Koninkrijk van Windvanen. Het Napoleontische bestuur en de staat van Willem I. In I. de Haan, P. den Hoed, & H. te Velde (Eds.), Een nieuwe staat: het begin van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (pp. 104-111, 390). Amsterdam: Prometheus Bert Bakker. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2013). La fondation de la monarchie d'Orange en 1813-1815: un mythe national? Septentrion: arts et culture de Flandre et des Pays-Bas, 42(4), 3-7. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2012). 'Le véritable berceau des muses': de Oudheid in het Franse contrarevolutionaire denken (1786-1800). Congresreeks Werkgroep 18e Eeuw, 1, 59-74. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2012). IJzer en bloed: staatsvorming en nationalisme, 1848-1914. In L. H. M. Wessels, & T. Bosch (Eds.), Nationalisme, naties en staten: Europa vanaf circa 1800 tot heden (pp. 282-411). Nijmegen: Vantilt. [details]
    • Lok, M., & van der Burg, M. (2012). The Dutch case: the Kingdom of Holland and the imperial departments. In M. Broers, P. Hicks, & A. Guimerá (Eds.), The Napoleonic empire and the new European political culture (pp. 100-111). (War, culture and society, 1750-1850). Palgrave Macmillan. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2011). [Bespreking van: K. Tippe (2010) 'Een echte Overijsselschman': Frederik Allard Ebbinge Wubben (1791-1874): burger, bestuurder en historicus in een rurale omgeving; J. Baartmans (2010) Robert Jasper baron van der Capellen tot den Marsch (1743-1814): regent, democraat, huisvader]. Bijdragen en Mededelingen betreffende de Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 126(3), 108-110. [details]
    • van der Burg, M., & Lok, M. (2011). Los Países Bajos bajo el dominio napoleónico: ¿nuevo régimen o restablecimiento del viejo orden? In M. Broers, A. Guimerá, & P. Hicks (Eds.), El imperio napoleonico y la nueva cultura politica europea (pp. 131-145). Centro de Estudios Politicos y Constitutionales. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2010). 'Un simulacre de roi': les représentations néerlandaises du roi Louis sous la Restauration. In A. Jourdan (Ed.), Louis Bonaparte: roi de Hollande (1806-1810) (pp. 199-211, 463-464). (La bibliothèque Napoléon. Série biographie). Nouveau Monde. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2009). Windvanen: Napoleontische bestuurders in de Nederlandse en Franse Restauratie (1813-1820). Amsterdam: Bert Bakker. [details]


    • Lok, M. M. (2004). 'Op een gelijksoortige klip schipbreuk leiden'. De politieke argumentatie van voormalige Napoleontische bestuurders in de grondwetscommissie van 1814. Leidschrift, 19(3), 89-106. [details]


    • Nellen, H., & Lok, M. M. (2002). Bijdrage aan bronnenpublicatie brieven Hugo Grotius. Den Haag: KNAW Instituut voor Nederlandse geschiedenis: serie RGP.







    • Lok, M. (2016). 'Een baaltje coffijboonen': Willlem Bilderdijk en de cultuur van het vergeten onder Willem I. Het Bilderdijk Museum, 33, 7-9. [details]
    • Lok, M. (2016). 'Het verleden als geschiedenis': [Bespreking van: S. Berger, C. Conrad (2015) The Past as History: National identity and historical consciousness in modern Europe; M. Middell, L. Roura (2013) Transnational challenges to national history writing]. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, 129(3), 451-454. [details]



    • Lok, M. (2014). [Bespreking van: J. Koch (2013) Koning Willem I: 1772-1843]. De Negentiende Eeuw, 38(4), 315-317. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2013). The establishment of the Orange Monarchy in 1813-1815: a national myth. The Low Countries, 21, 208-217. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2010). Degelijke biografie van een alleskunner [Bespreking van: W. Uitterhoeve (2009) Cornelis Kraijenhoff 1758-1840: een loopbaan onder vijf regeervormen]. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, 123(3), 460-461. [details]


    • Lok, M. (2008). De openbaring: Matthijs Lok leest François Guizot. Nieuwsbrief Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 111, 6-7. [details]


    • Lok, M. M. (2004). [Review of: Michael Rowe (2003) From Reich to State. The Rhineland in the Revolutionary Age, 1780-1830]. European review of history, 11(3), 447-449. [details]
    This list of publications is extracted from the UvA-Current Research Information System. Questions? Ask the library or the Pure staff of your faculty / institute. Log in to Pure to edit your publications. Log in to Personal Page Publication Selection tool to manage the visibility of your publications on this list.
  • Ancillary activities
    • No ancillary activities