Vossius Center for the History of Humanities and Sciences

Photographer: onbekend

dr. M.J.N. (Maartje) Stols-Witlox


  • Faculty of Humanities
    Capaciteitsgroep Conservering en Restauratie
  • Visiting address
    Conservering en restauratie erfgoed
    Johannes Vermeerplein 1  
  • Postal address:
    Johannes Vermeerplein  1
    1071 DV  Amsterdam
  • M.J.N.Stols-Witlox@uva.nl
    T: 0205256131
    T: 0205251871

Current position

Maartje Stols-Witlox is Assistant Professor Paintings Conservation, coordinates the MA program in Paintings Conservation at the University of Amsterdam, and is member of the management team of this program. She is active on all levels of university teaching, including PhD supervision (currently co-promotor of 3 PhDs).

Maartje Stols-Witlox specialises in the examination of historical paintings, with special focus on historical artists’ recipes and their reconstruction with ‘historically informed’ materials. She has published widely on issues related to historical grounds in North West Europe, on reconstruction methodologies and on the investigation of conservation history through recipe research. In June 2017, she co-organised an interdisciplinary NIAS-Lorentz workshop on methodologies for performative methods, Re-enactment, Reconstruction and Replication. This workshop led to the establishment of a network for researchers employing performative methodologies. A book of essays based on this week is currently in preparation. Stols-Witlox futhermore headed the NICAS seed money project Scientific Reasoning in Art, Evaluating Evidence in Painting Research using a Bayesian Approach (2016-2017) and is affiliated to the Artechne project - Technique in the Arts 1500-1950 (Utrecht University).

Stols-Witlox is an active member of the DocenTENkamer, the Faculty of Humanities Teaching Exchange Network

Short biography

Stols obtained a BA and MA in Art History at the University of Leiden and subsequently studied Conservation of paintings and painted objects at the post-graduate programme of the Limburg Conservation Institute in Maastricht. She specialised in the structural conservation of panel paintings during a six-month internship at the Hamilton Kerr Institute, University of Cambridge. Stols has worked as a paintings conservator in The Mauritshuis, The Hague, in several private studios in the Netherlands, and has her own private conservation practice. As researcher of historical paint recipes, Stols has acted as research associate in the HART Project, HART standing for Historically Accurate Reconstruction Techniques (project leader: Dr. L. Carlyle). The HART Project was part of the De Mayerne Programme, a multi-disciplinary five year research programme in the Netherlands, sponsored by NWO. Stols was core team member of the PAinT Project, PAinT standing for Paint: Alterations in Time (2012-216). Within this NWO-sponsored research project inside the Science4Art Programme, conservators, conservation scientists, computational scientists and chemists in coopeeration with major Dutch museums and international research partners investigated ageing, deterioration and migration processes in oil paints related to pigment-binding medium interactions.The PAinT project aimed to provide an improved scientific basis to guide future conservation strategies. Stols' project Restoration recipes was selected by the Amsterdam University Fund as one of the four 'Jaarfonds' fundraising projects for 2014.

Stols-Witlox is member of the scientific boards of the 2015 Metal Soaps in Art Conference (Amsterdam), the 2018 Trade in Artists Materials Conference (Copenhagen, Denmark), of the organising committee of the 2018 Preservering Rembrandt symposium, and member of the steering committee of the Mobility Creates Master (MoCMa) network and of the IAEA expert committee on Safe Irradiation Levels for the Instrumental Analysis of Cultural Heritage.

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2017

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2017). ‘From reading to painting’: Authors and Audiences of Dutch Recipes for Preparatory Layers for Oil Painting. Early Modern Low Countries , 1(1), 71-134. DOI: 10.18352/emlc.3  [details] 

2016

  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., & Albrecht, M. (2016). Small is beautiful: Lead white in fine particle size. In A. Wallert (Ed.), Painting Techniques: History, materials, studio practice: 5th international symposium, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 18-19-20 December 2013 (pp. 133-137). Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2016). Flour and starch in preparatory layers for oil painting: Reconstructions based on historical recipes (sixteenth to nineteenth centuries). In A. Wallert (Ed.), Painting Techniques: History, materials, studio practice: 5th international symposium, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 18-19-20 December 2013 (pp. 79-84). Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum.

2015

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2015). 'By no means a trivial matter': The influence of the colour of grounds layers on artists’ working methods and on the appearance of oil paintings, according to historical recipes from North West Europe, c. 1550-1900. Oud - Holland, 128(4), 171-186. DOI: 10.1163/18750176-90000218  [details] 

2012

  • Stols-Witlox, M., Megens, L., & Carlyle, L. (2012). 'To prepare white excellent...': reconstructions investigating the influence of washing, grinding and decanting of stack-process lead white on pigment composition and particle size. In S. Eyb-Green, J. H. Townsend, M. Clarke, J. Nadolny, & S. Kroustallis (Eds.), The artist's process: technology and interpretation (pp. 112-129). London: Archetype. [details] 

2017

2012

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2012). Grounds, 1400-1900. In J. Hill Stoner, & R. Rushfield (Eds.), Conservation of easel paintings (pp. 161-185). (Routledge series in conservation and museology). London: Routledge. [details] 

2011

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2011). Historical restoration recipes: the cleaning of paintings 1600-1900. In J. Bridgland (Ed.), ICOM-CC: 16th Triennial Conference, Lisbon, 19-23 September 2011: preprints [cd-rom] Almada: Critério. [details] 

2014

  • Hermans, J. J., Keune, K., van Loon, A., Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., Corkery, R. W., & Iedema, P. D. (2014). The synthesis of new types of lead and zinc soaps: a source of information for the study of oil paint degradation. In J. Bridgland (Ed.), Building strong culture through conservation: preprints ICOM-CC 17th Triennial Conference: 17-19 September 2014, Melbourne, Australia (pp. 1603). Paris: International Council of Museums. [details] 
  • Iedema, P. D., Hermans, J. J., Keune, K., van Loon, A., & Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2014). Mathematical modeling of mature oil paint networks. In J. Bridgland (Ed.), Building strong culture through conservation: preprints ICOM-CC 17th Triennial Conference: 17-19 September 2014, Melbourne, Australia (pp. 1604). Paris: International Council of Museums. [details] 

2017

  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2017). ‘A l’usage des artistes peintres’ (Blockx 1881)? Audience and readership of historical recipe books, 1550-1900: Audience and readership of historical recipe books, 1550-1900.
  • Steyn, L., Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., Hendriks, E., & van den Berg, K. J. (2017). Cleaning modern oil paints: The removal of imbibed surface dirt.: Towards an integrated conservation methodology for the assessment, contextualization and treatment of imbibed surface dirt on unvarnished modern oil paintings. Poster session presented at ICOM-CC 18th Triennial Conference Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Devesa, J., Carlyle, L., & Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2017). From wood ash to pearl ash: Historic alkaline cleaning agents and their impact on oil paint. Poster session presented at ICOM-CC 18th Triennial Conference Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

2016

  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2016). Kleinschalig, praktijkgericht Onderwijs. UvA FGw Conservering & Restauratie. Poster session presented at Eerste FGw Onderwijsconferentie, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., Sjerps, M. J., Hendriks, E., Wallert, A., van Tilborgh, J. L., de Zoete, J. C., & Hermens, E. (2016). Scientific Reasoning in Art: Evaluating Evidence in Paintings Research using a Bayesian Approach. Poster session presented at NICAS 2016 projects presentations, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

2012

  • Iedema, P. D., van Loon, A., Keune, K., Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., Beale, A. M., Weckhuysen, B. M., & Corkery, R. W. (2012). Paint Alteration in Time - PAinT. Poster session presented at first Gordon Research Conference, “Scientific Methods in Cultural Heritage Research: Non-Destructive Imaging and Micro-Analysis in Cultural Heritage”, .

Award

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2016). Scientific Reasoning in Art. Evaluating Evidence in Painting Research using Bayesian Methods.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2014). Oude Restauratierecepten. Reconstructions of historical restoration recipes.

Media appearance

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (04-12-2015). Safer cleaning methods for oil painings. NICAS film.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (27-05-2014). Jaarfonds onderzoek 2014 [Web]. Jaarfonds 2014 onderzoek.

Talk / presentation

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (13-11-2017). State of Research – North West European 16th & 17th C recipe books on grounds, Mobility Creates Masters - a ground-breaking network, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (27-10-2017). Have a great care of the shadows’. Historical Perspectives on Carefulness in the Restoration of Oil Paintings, The Making of Technique, Utrecht, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) & Boulboulle, J. B. (speaker) (25-8-2017). Enskillment in artistic technique. Developing a feeling for the body of colours, TransPositions Summer School. sensible Objects, Material Engagement, Skilled Expertise, Zeist, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (6-6-2017). Painting Grounds: Materials and Colours, Science4Curators, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (3-5-2017). Het schoonste wit, Excursie Chemisch Historische Groep naar het Nimeto Museum, Utrecht, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (9-2-2017). Scientific Reasoning in Art, NICAS colloquium, biweekly, Amsterdam.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (22-11-2016). Is een schilderij na een restauratie weer als nieuw?, Universiteit van Nederland, Amsterdam.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (26-8-2016). Method, Matter and Mind. Reproducing Historical Artistic Production Processes, Arts & Science, Vienna, Austria.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (24-6-2016). The PAinT project and Education. Connecting PAinT Research to Teaching in Conservation and Science’, Science4Arts symposium, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (14-6-2016). Covering Ground. Historical recipe research for investigations into the materials and methods of preparatory layers, IPERION-CH WP 9 Expert meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (27-5-2016). Grounds, Animal Glue and Starch. Recipes and Reconstructions., Making & Knowing Project working group meeting 2016, New York, United States.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (11-12-2014). ‘Onderzoek naar historische recepten voor preparatielagen ( ‘grondering’) van doek en paneel in bronnen in NW Europa, 1550–1900 … een aanvullende invalshoek bij grondering-gerelateerde & kunsttechnologische vragen.’, Sectiedag sectie Atelierpraktijken Onderzoeksschool Kunstgeschiedenis (OSK) , Amersfoort, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (speaker) (5-6-2014). ‘ “Experience will be your best master” Investigating the relevance of written recipes for preparatory layers for oil paintings, with special focus on ground colour.’, Historians of Netherlandish Art Conference, Boston.

Others

  • Dupré, S. G. M. (organiser), Harris, A. (organiser), Kursell, J. (organiser), Lulof, P. S. (organiser) & Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (organiser) (2017). Lorentz Workshop Re-enactment, Replication, Reconstruction, Leiden, Netherlands. The workshop brings together specialists from the fields of art history, archaeology, conservation, musicology and anthropology. Its goals are to (…) (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (organiser), Lulof, P. S. (organiser), Dupré, S. G. M. (organiser), Kursell, J. J. E. (organiser) & Harris, A. (organiser) (12-6-2017 - 16-6-2017). Re-enactment, Replication, Reconstruction, Leiden, Netherlands. International workshop with the goals were to reflect on reconstruction, re-enactment and replication (RRR) practices across the fields of history of (…) (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (organiser) (29-11-2016). Eerste FGw Onderwijsconferentie, Amsterdam, Netherlands (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (organiser) (21-11-2016 - 22-11-2016). scientific reasoning in Art:, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Expert meeting including a one-day symposium introding Bayesian methodology for the evaluation of evidence in paintings research to the conservation (…) (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
  • Stols-Witlox, M. (organiser) (20-6-2016). First SciRe expert meeting, Amsterdam, Netherlands (organising a conference, workshop, ...).

2014

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  • Stols-Witlox schilderijenrestauratie
    onderzoek en restauratie van schilderijen

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